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Vladimir Solovyov

Human space study and exploration claim to create complex specialized hardware and then launch it into space. One of the most powerful orbital tools of modern cosmonautics is the International Space Station (ISS) which offers ample opportunities to conduct scientific and applied experiments in the real environment of space. The Scientific and Technical Advisory Council (STAC) for Programs of Scientific and Applied Research and Experiments on Manned Space Complexes was established to coordinate development of such research programs on the ISS.

The STAC was established by a joint decision of the Russian Aviation and Space Agency (precursor of the current Federal Space Agency) and the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1994 for the purpose of effective development of scientific and applied research programs on manned space complexes.

A new joint resolution proposed to clarify the STAC Regulation was approved November 5, 2009.

The STAC operates on the footing of the approved Regulation and, in specific cases, intervenes into solving the most complex and critical issues of strategic and tactical planning, monitoring progress in implementing SAR with liability to produce concrete recommendations to senior program management.

The STAC is chaired by Vladimir Alekseevich Solovyov, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences, First Deputy General Designer at RSC "Energia" named after Sergey Korolev.

V.A. Solovyov was born in Moscow in 1946. Having graduated from the Moscow Higher Technical School (MHTS) named after N.E. Bauman in 1970 he acted as an engineer at TSKBEM (now S.P.Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation "Energia" – RSC "Energia"). In 1978 he came into the Cosmonaut Corps and then in 1984 and 1986 made two long-term space flights which in total lasted more than 360 days. For the first time ever during his second mission Vladimir Solovyov made orbital transfers on a transport ship (Soyuz T-15) from space station Mir to space station Salyut-7 and back. He was twice awarded the title "Hero of the Soviet Union" for heroism displayed during these flights.

In 1988 he was named as lead flight director of the "Mir" orbital complex but since 1999 till present, he has been the lead flight director of the Russian Segment of the International Space Station (RS-ISS). Besides, since 1990 Vladimir Soloviev has been the flight director of the unmanned spacecraft and upper stages designed and produced by the RSC "Energia".

Vladimir Solovyov is widely known throughout international space scientific and engineering communities as one of top-rank experts in the area of flight tests and space vehicle operations. Under his supervision and with direct participation many problems connected with flight control of long orbital lifetime vehicles were handled. Vladimir Solovyov participated in the development of efficient tools for mission planning, various forms of simulation, automated near real-time and post-flight interpretation of downlink data. The RS-ISS mission-control procedure has been founded on these tools. The techniques acquired on the basis of the rules set up by Vladimir Solovyov were successfully introduced into the practices that enabled to expand and successfully carry out unique research programs aboard space vehicles.

Since 1988 Vladimir Solovyov has carried out tutorial activities at the MHTS. Presently he is in charge of the "Rocket and Spacecraft Dynamics and Flight Control" chair and is a member of several specialized thesis committees.

He is the author of more than 100 scientific papers. He set up an academic school incorporating research workers successfully pursuing an assemblage of challenges associated with space mission control. There are doctors and candidates of sciences among his followers.

Currently Vladimir Solovyov is a member of the Presidential Council for Science and Education and a fellow of the Bureau of the Russian Academy of Science`s Space Council. He has been elected a full member of the International Academy of Astronautics, the Russian Academy of Cosmonautics named after K.E. Tsiolkovsky and some other scientific communities. He is a laureate of the State Prize of the Russian Federation and an awardee of the Russian Federation Government Prize. Vladimir Solovyov was rewarded by the Soviet Academy of Science`s Tsiolkovsky Gold Medal and other orders and medals of the Russian Federation.